Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera)

Moringa oleifera Lam. or munga is one of the most important plant widely cultivated in India. Family Moringaceae. This plant is widely used as nutritional herb and contains valuable pharmacological action like anti-asthmatic, anti-diabetic, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti- fertility, anti-cancer, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, cardiovascular, anti-ulcer, CNS activity, anti-allergic, wound healing, analgesic, and antipyretic activity, Moringa oleifera Lam. The plant is also known as Horse - radish tree, Drumstick tree.

The plant Moringa oleifera is known  by several names throughout the world.
Latin – Moringa oleifera
Sanskrit – Subhanjana
Hindi – Saguna, Sainjna
Gujarati – Suragavo
Tamil – Mulaga , Munaga
Malayalam – Murinna, Sigru
Punjabi – Sainjna, Soanjna
Unani – Sahajan
Ayurvedic – Haritashaaka, Raktaka, Akshiva
Arabian – Rawag
French – Morungue
Spanish – Angela, Ben, Moringa
Chinese – La ken
English - Drumstick tree, Horseradish tree

Every part of this plant contains a valuable medicinal feature. It contain rich source of the vitamin A, vitamin C and milk protein. Different types of active phytoconstituents like alkaloids, protein, quinine, saponins, flavonoids, tannin, steroids, glycosides, fixed oil and fats are present. This plant is also found in the tropical regions. Some other constituents are niazinin A, niazinin B and niazimicin A, niaziminin B. The present review discusses the phytochemical composition, medicinal uses & pharmacological activity of this plant.

Taxonomical Classification:
Kingdom – Plantae
Sub kingdom – Tracheobionta 
Super Division – Spermatophyta
Division – Magnoliophyta 
Class – Magnoliopsida
Sub class – Dilleniidae
Order – Capparales
Family – Moringceae
Genus – Moringa  
Species – oleifera

The plant Moringa  oleifera;  family  Moringaceae  posses broad spectrum  of pharmacological activities. Also, most of the parts of plant like seeds, leaves, flowers and roots are used for treatment of various  diseases. Literature reports that aqueous, ethanolic and methanolic extracts are widely used for investigation, identification, and  estimation pur-pose. In future the active constituents can be isolated and formulated into suitable dosage form and delivery system.


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